Cattle ranching is one of the most essential agricultural enterprises. For thousand of years, human beings have been domesticating cattle mainly for meat and milk. However after the industrial evolution the cattle industry evolved to a vast technological industry where cattle breeding provided not only meat and milk but also provided traction, leather and other products. Due to increasing demand for cattle products breeders need to understand the right type of cattle to breed because not all cattle can thrive at any given place.
What is most important in determining the healthy being of your breed is the type of food you give to your animals. There are primarily various types of fodder or forage that cattle consume. In addition there are also various systems that can be used to convert this foods to the desired proteins the cattle need. Grass is the most natural fodder cattle may need since it contains majority of the supplements. In order to boost the energy density of cattle they may be given little hay supplements, with soy mineral,salt, vitamin salt, by-product.
Cows per acre is essential when it comes to cattle breading. Cattle should not be over crowded. Overcrowding may reduce the quality of breeds farmers keep. There are various factors that determine the number of acres cattle can thrive on. This includes, the soil type,climate and micro-climate, the rainfall amount and its annual distribution,how you rotate your cows, the type of grass available in the ranch etc. Persons with more land have different pasture dynamics compared to those with small land. This is due to the fact that the one with vast land can rotate the cattle. Animal rotation gives pastures more time to rest between feeding periods.
There is surely no right number of cows that can be kept in a given piece of land. Different places may vary hugely hence it is typical to conduct a good survey of your land and understand the factors surrounding its environment well. High altitude ares are for most often considered to be the perfect conditions for cattle breeding, an approximate of 25 cows per acre. In low altitude areas such as coastal surroundings it is advisable not to keep more than 5 cows per acre.
Where the land is vast a farmer can also perform a free range method of feeding. This is whereby cattle roam freely for at least part of the day contrary to the all day enclosure. Many may prefer this method due to its natural characteristics. Naturally provided grass contains little or no chemicals compared to mixed fodder and forage hence for the person consuming the meat or milk this means less fossil fuels ingestion into the body.
Different breads of cattle thrive differently in different climates. There breeds that do well in cool climates that would not do well in hot climate. Breeds that survive in cool climate are often marketable due to the numerous use of its products including its long fur due to its adaptation to cool climates. Cattle breeds include, Belted Galloway, Charolais Cattle, Hereford Cattle, Shorthorn Cattle, Angus, Limousin Dexter, Belgian, Friesian, etc.