Best Crops For Farming

Taking care of your domestic animals is excellent. It can be done by choosing the best plants for farming. Does that sound silly or counter-intuitive? Well, it’s possible. With the proper planting equipment, you can plant food plots that will attract and nourish your animals. This equipment is small enough to be pulled by an ATV so that it will fit into small areas that a tractor can’t fit. So why would you want to grow crops for animals? There are some good reasons. First of all, if you care about domestic, particularly cow, you can give them better nourishment than they may be able to obtain in the wild. You can purchase bags of seed that are well-suited to their specific needs. And of course, good nutrition means healthy animals. You can feed cows and also other animals that would flourish in the same area. Your children can benefit from a close observation of them in their natural habitat, close to your country home. They will be excited to see how close they can get while observing. And with you beside them, you can pass on your animal known to them. This can be a real bonding moment for you and your children.

Another advantage of feeding your cows is that it just may be good for your landscape plantings. As animals habitat is taken over by humans, cows feeding are squeezed more tightly into their bear areas. This means that they are forced closer and closer to our homes. If they don’t have enough wild land on which to feed, they will begin to feed wherever they can, which can be your front yard. While they don’t fear humans, they do like the yummy greenery that we plant around our homes. They love things like your prize tulips, hostas, and roses, don’t they? So maybe, just maybe, if you plant a plot of land with a crop such as grass, clover, or buck beans and other cover crops, you can maintain cows to this area, they may prefer to stay away from your decorative plantings to enjoy the lovely salad you are growing just for them. But there’s one more benefit of well-fed cows, and that’s good for exhibitions. Then when this chance comes, you won’t have to travel very far to find or borrow other peoples big cows, healthy bucks to put into your freezer. They will be right there, munching on the clover that you so conveniently planted for them. You won’t have to spend precious gas money to travel to view other people pride. They will be right there. And, conversely, you won’t have a long distance to bring them home. This is very convenient for you. So, as you can see, planting a plot of your land with animal-friendly crops is a win-win situation for both you and the cows. They will be less likely to be undernourished and maybe even starve to death. You can observe them in their natural habitat so that your children can be enriched by your knowledge of nature. And you will have your cows available, close to home.

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Cow Ranch Husbandry

Cattle ranching is one of the most essential agricultural enterprises. For thousand of years, human beings have been domesticating cattle mainly for meat and milk. However after the industrial evolution the cattle industry evolved to a vast technological industry where cattle breeding provided not only meat and milk but also provided traction, leather and other products. Due to increasing demand for cattle products breeders need to understand the right type of cattle to breed because not all cattle can thrive at any given place.

What is most important in determining the healthy being of your breed is the type of food you give to your animals. There are primarily various types of fodder or forage that cattle consume. In addition there are also various systems that can be used to convert this foods to the desired proteins the cattle need. Grass is the most natural fodder cattle may need since it contains majority of the supplements. In order to boost the energy density of cattle they may be given little hay supplements, with soy mineral,salt, vitamin salt, by-product.

Cows per acre is essential when it comes to cattle breading. Cattle should not be over crowded. Overcrowding may reduce the quality of breeds farmers keep. There are various factors that determine the number of acres cattle can thrive on. This includes, the soil type,climate and micro-climate, the rainfall amount and its annual distribution,how you rotate your cows, the type of grass available in the ranch etc. Persons with more land have different pasture dynamics compared to those with small land. This is due to the fact that the one with vast land can rotate the cattle. Animal rotation gives pastures more time to rest between feeding periods.

There is surely no right number of cows that can be kept in a given piece of land. Different places may vary hugely hence it is typical to conduct a good survey of your land and understand the factors surrounding its environment well. High altitude ares are for most often considered to be the perfect conditions for cattle breeding, an approximate of 25 cows per acre. In low altitude areas such as coastal surroundings it is advisable not to keep more than 5 cows per acre.

Where the land is vast a farmer can also perform a free range method of feeding. This is whereby cattle roam freely for at least part of the day contrary to the all day enclosure. Many may prefer this method due to its natural characteristics. Naturally provided grass contains little or no chemicals compared to mixed fodder and forage hence for the person consuming the meat or milk this means less fossil fuels ingestion into the body.

Different breads of cattle thrive differently in different climates. There breeds that do well in cool climates that would not do well in hot climate. Breeds that survive in cool climate are often marketable due to the numerous use of its products including its long fur due to its adaptation to cool climates. Cattle breeds include, Belted Galloway, Charolais Cattle, Hereford Cattle, Shorthorn Cattle, Angus, Limousin Dexter, Belgian, Friesian, etc.

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Best Plants To Grow in a Ranch

Most of the farm animals that include horses, cows, sheep, and even goats exhibit grazing and browsing behavior due to their rising dietary needs. A ranch that is developed with the right kind of trees and other palatable crops is a farm that is well advantaged. The farmer through available feed resources will enrich the herd with sufficient minerals for peak production in a cost effective manner. Some of the plants to consider for the best performance of your herd include,

1. Lucerne tree

It is also known as the Tagasaste or the Boom Lusern. It is easy to plant and grows very fast compared to other similar trees.
It can acquire a height of 6m in an average of six years. It is ever green and it will also act as a source of nitrogen fixer to the soil. It can be pruned after 50 days and it is highly nutritious. It can be fed to cattle, sheep, horses, or even goats. Note that cows should not be fed more than 30% of legumes in their total feed to avoid bloating.

2. Gliricidia septum


This is a common fodder tree found in the tropics. A ranch can have sub-divided paddocks of half an acre that are separated by fences and gates. The plant can be grown in a linear manner on the sides of the paddock or in any favorable manner. The species regenerates easily and is quite nutritive.

Gliricidia can be grown from seeds or stem cuttings. The stem cuttings used are from plants that are more than 8 months old to have the best growth. This kind of plant is mostly preferred by goats and sheep. The dried plant can also be feed to cows.

3. Chicory or Plantain


These are productive species of plants that are ideal for grazing cows, goats or deer. The plants contain good minerals that are vital and the plants do not prove to stink in milk that is harvested. Some of the minerals that the two plants have are copper, selenium, and cobalt.

4. Cajanus cajan 

This plant is commonly known as the pigeon pea. It can grow in most climatic conditions and it produces lots of valuable forage. It is planted by use of seeds and it can be mixed with other grain such as sorghum or millet when planting. The leaves, flowers, and pods are consumed by all farm animals. However, we should avoid excessive feeding of leguminous crops to cows to avoid bloating.

5. Poplars

The populous spp is a common plant and it can grow in the same conditions as willows. The plant is deciduous and provides much foliage in summer and spring. A farmer can start grazing after two years of planting. The average yield is estimated to be 5 tons of dry matter per year on the first year and it will increase up to seven tonnes in the third year.

6. Honey locust 

The Honey locust is a frost tolerant crop that produces lots of pods with up to 16% protein. The plant only requires 500mm of rainfall per year and it is relatively easy to grow. It can produce up to 50 tons of dry matter per hectare within 3 or 4 years.

7. Carob tree

It is known as the Ceratonia Siliqua in scientific terms. It is ideal for producing pods that can be comfortably devoured by cows of all age. It can grow up to 10 m long and several hundred in a big ranch can do no harm.

References
http://www.fao.org/livestock/agap/frg/facts/bfs42/2a.htm
http://www.grazeonline.com/treespasturetogether
http://www.grahamandrews.com/fodder_trees.hmtl
https://permaculturenews.org/2010/06/04/grazing-and-browsing-forage-trees-and-shrubs-for-horses
http://www.hobbyfarms.com/grow-your-own-livestock-feed

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8 Tips for stress free handling of free range cattle

People who are new to handling free range cattle find it sometimes very stressful. If you have ever asked the cowboys you will find that the most difficult task is to keep the cattle in the herd and induce them to stay close without the fences. It really requires a high level of skill to keep the cattle where they are placed. Many get along with this with the trial and error method, but this is good if you have a small number of cattle to manage. On the other hand, if you have a huge livestock, it is very important you handle them perfectly and even move them from one place to another successfully.

One of the biggest mistakes people usually do is they yell and scream at the cattle which frightens them and separates the calves from their mother cows. When a mother cow gets separated from her calf, she will create problem. Feeling of insecurity is also one of the aspects that make the cattle prefer getting back to its origin. Secondly, chasing the cattle out of the place also makes them panic and straggle. So, it is very important that the cattle is moved quietly, preferably on foot or on horses. In fact, for the beginners it is recommended that they move slowly, with the body movement of the cattle and only when they have experienced, they should opt for the horses.

Tips to move successfully and without any hassle

1. Before actually starting to move the cattle, you should train them to accept and understand pressure generated by the stock people.

2. Avoid chasing the cattle from the original place because if they get frightened, they will return to that place and will not get ready to move.

3. Try to help the cattle make a group and it is better to let them initiate the movement. Let them create a loose bunch when starting the movement. It is advisable to give pressure and release alternatively because continuous pressure will make the cattle run in different directions as they start to have the feeling of insecurity.

4. Focus on the slowest animal and let it set the speed. You need a lot of patience when moving your cattle and you should take enough of your time in hand.

5. If you find some of the stragglers among the herd, avoid following or chasing them back to the herd. Leave them because the natural motion of the herd will attract them back especially when they are low-stressed and see the loose bunching of other animals.

6. Make sure water sources are found on the way for the cattle. Once you come near to the desired location, release the pressure and quietly allow the leaders to get back into the herd.

7. It is advisable to allow the stock people leave only when the cattle have started brazing in random positions. This indicates that they are relaxed and concentrating on eating.

8. Make sure the new place where you have moved your cattle has lot of feed and good pasture because the cattle will not stay long where the pasture is not good.

Before launching any animal, it is always good to make sure, analyze yourself that you can handle its demands. Keeping free range cattle is not easy and not everyone is cut out to keep them.

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Best Plants For Urban Gardens

A small investment in potting soil, growing containers, fertilizer and seeds or starts is all that is needed to create an urban garden.


Making the Patio or Balcony Into an Urban Oasis

Some people desire to be surrounded by lush, blooming vegetation and blossoms and decide to grow flowers in pots on their balconies or their patios. All annual flowers are good choices for this. Those with balcony railings may select veining ornamental plants that will grow around the railings. Good choices for this include nasturtiums, morning glories, blue potato vine and even rambling roses. Not many things are better after a tough day in an office than relaxing with a cocktail or glass of sweet tea at a table in your own outdoor living space. Annual flowers have the benefit of providing blooms for an extended period of time, providing color from spring through autumn.

Culinary Herbs for a City Apartment

Many people who live in the city are discovering the satisfaction of creating meals in their own homes rather than constantly eating takeout or going to restaurants. A patio or balcony is the perfect place to grow culinary herbs in pots. Herbs generally don’t take much fertilizer and only require an adequate amount of watering, and they are often aromatic. Meals taste much better when prepared with fresh herbs. Oregano, chives, mint, rosemary, sage and lemon balm are just few example of culinary herbs that can be successfully grown in pots, and some can even be grown on sunny windowsills during the winter months.

Vegetable Gardens in Urban Yards

People who live in houses within city limits are increasingly choosing to forgo lawn space in favor of vegetable gardens. Tomatoes, corn, lettuce, radishes, beets, spinach and broccoli are a few of the items that grow well in home gardens. Various salad greens can be grown together in large containers and picked when fresh salads are needed. Although the back yard is the traditional domain of home gardens, people are beginning to see the value in using their front yards for growing vegetables as well. Those who have consumed meals prepared with vegetables from home gardens are rarely satisfied with grocery store produce.

Bringing the Country to the City

Incorporating plant life into an urban environment has emotional, nutritional and aesthetic benefits. No matter how small their apartment or house, city dwellers can always find a way to grow herbs, vegetables or ornamental flowers in containers or on small patches of land. Some even grow fruit trees in large outdoor planters. Cherry tomatoes do especially well when planted in hanging baskets.

People who live in apartments or condos with no outdoor space available at all can still grow herbs and flowers indoors. Grow lights and hydroponic systems are available for those who want to do this. With advancements in horticultural technology, there is no reason why those living in even the deepest urban pockets can’t have an abundance of vegetation in their lives.
Using these tips and a little perseverance you can quickly find great plants that will prosper in your specific climate. Have fun and always remember that gardening is a journey that will take years to master.

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Happy Cows

As human beings,we feel comfortable when our basic needs are met.As a caregiver,seeing those under your care brings joy. Our pets,are under our care, and so, we need to provide adequate care too. Just like any other pet, cows thrive in proper care. The less cows are stressed, the more they become productive. Proper cow care can be given by providing the following:

Shelters

We all love space,right? We would love our friends,cows,to enjoy in adequate space too!Therefore,construct well-spaced cow pens for the cows to move freely, access water and feeding points with less struggle. There should be enough ventilation to allow free flow air. The pens should also be condusive according to the climate of the area. They should also include nursing pens for the young calves to grow comfortably with minimal injuries from the matured cows. Set up a ‘hospital wing’ for the sick animals to be well cared for until they are well again. Provide dry straw for bedding. Cow pens must always be cleaned; empty feeding troughs water troughs regularly, change the straw for bedding regularly and wash away urine and dung.

Food

A well balanced diet for the cows will guarantee you healthy cows.Skinny malnourished cows are not a site to behold! For the love of the cows,ensure that they are well fed. Cows have the ability to take in high fiber such as pasture, corn plants, silage and hay. Provide these and in turn,get milk highly enriched with proteins! In addition, provide potato peelings, cotton seeds and sweet corn residues. It is also important to get help from an expert concerning cow nutrition.

Water

Let the cows always have clean fresh water for drinking. Water aids in food digestion. It also helps to keep their bodies hydrated. The water should be filled in clean troughs to avoid contamination. Add minerals to the water, salts, for instance, for more taste and health benefits too. Provide extra drinking points for the cows even in the field.

Medical Care

We seek medical care for checkup and treatment. This also is applicable to proper cow care.Holistic medical care requires that animals are regularly checked by a vet that with provide preventive medicines such as vaccines to keep away diseases. The vet with also provide curative care for the cows that are diagonised with an illness. The calves, just as our new born babies get postnatal care, need to be provided with calf health and care to grow into healthy, productive cows. Prevention is better than cure, they say, hence the need to provide preventive care. It is also important to invest is a Disease Prevention and Management Program.

Worker Education

It is key to focus on the above. It is also important to invest in yourself and,or your herders as a caregiver(s). Have you and your helpers exposed extensively on cow care. This will help in recognition and understanding of animal needs. Diagnosis and treatment of illnesses and injuries can be handled on the farm. A conversant farm worker is in a position to handle cows and move them with minimum level of stress. This will enhance cow care and also, minimize on spending.

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Domestic Cow A Bliss

A pet is an animal which becomes the part of human for his company, protection, or entertainment etc. Furthermore, pets are loyal or playful personalities. Dogs, Cats, Cows are one
of them who provide their owner physical as well as emotional benefits.

Domestic cows are the one who provides us milk and other products. In some areas like in India cows are treated as mother and people worship them as goddess. Domestic cow benefits in many ways by providing milk, dung which was used as a fuel, fertilizers, from the hair, hides, horns, hooves and bones clothes and tools are manufactured etc. You will be surprised to know that more than 6 billion people on the planet consumes milk product on regular basis in the form of cheese, curd, yogurt, Ghee etc., It means that how much these animals are important to fulfill are nutritional needs. In fact, most governments have strictly recommended for the amount of milk that every child should consume on a daily basis.

Furthermore, the role of domestic cows is important for our normal growth and human beings around the whole world are aware about it. The milk of cow is rich in protein, vitamin B, vitamin D various minerals, organic compounds and antioxidants that stimulates the body in many ways. The health benefits of cow milk includes strong bones and teeth, healthy heart, prevent diabetes, boost metabolism, body growth and development, makes your immune system strong etc. Domestic cow plays an extraordinary role in the field of medicine for the treatment of various ailments. Especially, for an infant after mother’s milk the milk of domestic cow is used to feed them which gives energy, easy to digest and provide full protection. Domestic cows have different fertilizer milking shorthorn.

The Holstein-Friesian is the one of the largest breed and produces the largest volume of milk in all. The Brown Swiss, Ayrshire, Guernsey and Jersey follow Holsteins- Friesian in size. These breeds also vary in colour, volume of milk produced, and milk composition etc. Domestic cattle like cows are social animals and stays in group known as herd. The dung of these domestic cows are used to produce organic fertilizers, pesticides, fungicides, insecticides etc. and its urine is used for agriculture requirements and for the formation of medicines.

The fertilizer that we make from domestic Cow’s bi-products is the basic requirement of the agriculture and crop. The Fertilizer known as Panchagavya and the Pesticides / Insecticides / Fungicides is called as Agnihastra that we made from the dung of domestic cows. Domestic cows balance our ecosystem by consuming grass, stray, leftover food etc. and it saves the crops from pests, insects and fungi. In ancient period domestic cows were used for farming, transportation, agricultural needs or as a barter system to fulfill the basic needs of the human being.

Now days, in the modern society these are used for milk and its products. Still its waste is very useful in every possible way such as we use it as fertilizers, bio-gas etc. Domestic cows are the best source of dairy farming; a person doesn’t need to leave his hometown to meet his needs as people are going away from their villages to earn money. One can setup his own business of dairy farming in his own town and can make money. A household can never appear fruitful without cows. How auspicious are the cows for us.

 

Source
article links:-
https://www.iaea.org/newscenter/news/myanmars-dairy-farmers-benefit-from-cattle-breeding-programme-using-nuclear-based-techniques
https://www.thoughtco.com/history-of-the-domestication-of-cows-170652
https://nationalzoo.si.edu/animals/domestic-cow

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